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Baltimore County, MD

baltimorecounty

Not to be confused with the independent city of Baltimore, which it surrounds, Baltimore County is located in northern Maryland. Its county seat is the community of Towson, home to Towson University. It is part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. The name of the county was derived from the barony of the Proprietor of the Maryland colony, Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, in County Longford, Ireland. Baltimore County does not actually include the city of Baltimore, which left the county to become an independent city in 1851.

baltimorecounty According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 682 square miles (1,766.4 km2), of which 599 square miles (1,551.4 km2)(87.83%) is land and 83 square miles (215.0 km2) (12.17%) is water. The highest elevation is approximately 960 feet (292.6 m) above sea level, along the Pennsylvania state line near Steltz. The lowest elevation is sea level along the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay. The northern regions of Baltimore County are primarily rural, featuring a "Piedmont Plateau" landscape of rolling hills and deciduous forests. The southern and south-central regions of the county lie on the Atlantic coastal plain are primarily suburban in character. The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
Baltimore County, the second largest job center in the state, enjoys a diverse economy, highly educated workforce, and an attractive standard of living. The county is home to 21,500 businesses employing more than 315,000, with over 500 of these businesses employing 100 or more workers. The business community is balanced across industry sectors with headquarters for McCormick & Company and AAI, and major operations for T. Rowe Price, Lockheed Martin, BD Diagnostics, Procter & Gamble, Black & Decker, Middle River Aircraft Systems, Severstal North America, GM Powertrain, and Bank of America. The Woodlawn Federal Center is home to headquarters of the U.S. Social Security Administration and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
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Demografics

As of the census of 2000, there were 754,292 people, 299,877 households, and 198,518 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,260 people per square mile (487/km). There were 313,734 housing units at an average density of 524 per square mile (202/km). The racial makeup of the county was 74.39% White, 20.10% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 3.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 1.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.4% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 7.3% English, 7.0% Italian, 6.1% United States or American and 5.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. There is also a large Jewish population that migrated from Park Heights into the communities of Pikesville, Owings Mills and Reisterstown, referred to by Jewish residents as "100,000 Jews in three zip codes".

There were 299,877 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.40% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,667, and the median income for a family was $59,998. Males had a median income of $41,048 versus $31,426 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,167. About 4.50% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.

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Crime Rates Compared to National Average

The National Average is designated 1.0 - A value of 2.0 represents twice as much risk while a value of 0.5 represents half as much risk.

Total Crime Risk 1.19
Crime Risk (County) 1.10
Personal Crime Risk (County) 1.35
Murder Crime Risk (County) 0.76
Rape Crime Risk (County) 0.67
Robbery Crime Risk (County) 1.58
Assault Crime Risk (County) 2.05
Property Crime Risk (County) 1.16
Burglary Crime Risk (County) 1.03
Larceny Crime Risk (County) 1.18
Motor Vehicle Theft Risk (County) 1.51
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Climate

Average July High Temperature 87.4 °F
Average January Low Temperature 24.8 °F
Annual Precipitation 51.5 inches
Air Pollution Index 88% of National Average
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Transportation

Highways: I-70, I-83, I-95, I-195, I-695, I-795, I-895, U.S. 1, U.S. 40.
Mass Transit: 9.5-mile subway line connects Owings Mills to Baltimore City and the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus; municipal bus service, light rail and subway link to Baltimore City; light rail line runs from Hunt Valley through downtown Baltimore with extensions to Penn Station and BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport; MARC Commuter Rail links Baltimore County with Washington, D.C. and Fort Meade to the south and Aberdeen Proving Ground to the north.
Rail: CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern Railway, and the Patapsco & Back Rivers Railroad provide freight carriage.
Truck: 224 local and long-distance trucking establishments are located in the county.
Water: Port of Baltimore, 50' channel; a leading U.S. automobile and break-bulk port; seven public terminals including the state-of-the-art Intermodal Container Transfer Facility.
Air: Served by Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI); Glenn L. Martin State Airport in Middle River is one of the largest general aviation facilities in the U.S. with full service transient capability.
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Recreation

The sixth county to be established is the third largest county in Maryland today. Baltimore County is horse country. There are 149 thoroughbred horse farms located throughout its rolling countryside and every April you can watch the Maryland Hunt Cup, the oldest and most difficult hunt race in the country. baltimorecounty

Following the separation of Baltimore City and County, Towson became the new county seat in 1854. Baltimore County and Maryland history are traced through exhibits in the county Historical Society Museum in Cockeysville, the Catonsville Historical Society's Townsend House and the Hampton National Historic Site in Towson. The 18th-century Hampton Mansion is surrounded by a 63-acre national park. You can see vintage fire engines and learn about the 1904 Great Fire of Baltimore at the Fire Museum of Maryland in Lutherville. This terrible fire led to the standardization of fire equipment in the United States.

At the 17,000-acre Gunpowder Falls State Park or at Soldier's Delight Environmental Area, you can explore wooded trails, meadows, streams, ponds, a marble quarry and iron ore pits.
The natural beauty of Baltimore County real estate is evident in its many parks and green spaces. More than 175 miles of shoreline and 10,000 acres of protected parkland offer Baltimore County real estate owners and visitors alike a wealth of recreational opportunities, while the North Central Railroad Trail gives bikers and hikers the opportunity to escape all the way to Pennsylvania. And close to 150 horse farms and three wineries take advantage of the county's fertile land and moderate climate.

Because it is served by several major highways and the McKeldin Beltway surrounding the city of Baltimore, Baltimore County real estate is easy to get to. Baltimore County real estate owners are also within a short drive of the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI), though many commuters rely on the two rail lines that run through the county.

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